Archives for October2012

Călin Ioachimescu

Born in 1949 in Bucharest, Calin Ioachimescu studied composition at the city’s National University of Music in the class of Stefan Niculescu. He participated in the Summer Courses for New Music in Darmstadt (1980, 1984) and computer music courses at I.R.C.A.M. in Paris (1985).  He was founder and director of the electroacoustic music studio of the Romanian Composer’s Union (1991-2010).Currently he works as a sound producer at the Romanian Radio Broadcasting Company.

Among his numerous compositional prizes are the Kranichsteiner Musikpreis in Darmstadt (1984), the Romanian Composers’ Union Award (1979,1982,1988,1992, 1995, 1999, 2002 and 2008)) and the Romanian Academy Award. Ioachimescu’s interests as a composer focus on the inner structure of sound, analysed with the use of modern technology. He uses computers not only as a tool of algorithmic compositions, but also for digital processing of real sound sources. The identity of traditional instruments is changed by emphasising or blurring their specific sound colour. Based on the harmonic series, his music is characterised by consonance and vitality. Filtering, colour modulation, pitch and noise mixing are not restricted to musicfortape. Electroacoustic and psycho-acoustic principles determine both the digital and analogue world and are to be found in many of Ioachimescu’s works.

Selected works: Tempo-80 for orchestra (1979), Concerto for trombone, doubblebass and orchestra (1986), Concerto for saxophone and orchestra (1994), Concerto for violoncello and orchestra (2002), Concerto for flute and orchestra (2012), 2 string quartetts (1974, 1984), Palindrom/7 (1992), works for tape and live electronics: Oratio-II for winds, percution and live electronics (1982), Spectral Music for saxophone and tape (1985), Celliphonia for violoncello and tape (1988), Les éclats de l’abîme for doubblebass saxophone and tape (1998), hep-taGRaMa (1998), Saxtraces for sopranino saxophone, tape,and live electronic (2004), Digital birds-computer music (2010),  film music.

MUSIC: Oratio II

Dan Dediu

Dan Dediu (b. March 16, 1967, Braila) is a Romanian composer of mostly stage, orchestral, chamber, choral, vocal, and piano works that have been performed throughout Europe and elsewhere.
Dediu graduated in composition at the Academy of Music in Bucharest in 1989, where he studied with Stefan Niculescu, Dan Constantinescu, Dan Buciu, and Octavian Nemescu. He later attended post-graduate courses with Francis Burt, Günter Kahowez and Wilhelm Zobl at the Hochschule für Musik und darstellende Kunst in Vienna in 1990-91, as well as the annual Cursus de Composition et Informatique Musicale at IRCAM in 1994. He earned his PhD at the National University of Music in Bucharest in 1995.
Among his many honors are First prizes in the National Composers Competition in Cluj-Napoca (1986, 1988), the Brass Chamber Music Competition in Budapest-Barcs (1990) and the Premier Concours pour Orchestre Françaises de Flűtes (2000, for Spaima).
He earned Second Prize in the Ludwigshafen am Rhein Competition (1991, for 3/2) and Third prizes in the Mozart 1991 (1991, for Motto-Studien) and Carl Maria von Weber (1991, for String Quartet No. 3) competitions.
Other honors include the George Enescu Prize in the George Enescu Competition in Bucharest (1991, for Symphony No. 1) and the Music Prize of the Romanian Academy (1991, for String Quartet No. 3). From the Romanian Composers Union, he earned the Prize for Chamber Music (1992, for Hörner-Stimmen aus einem unbekannten Requiem), the Prize for Symphonic Music (1995, for HYPERKARDIA), the prizes for opera (Post-Fiction) and musicology (with his wife, Valentina Sandu-Dediu) (1998), and the Prize for Choral Music (1999, for Stabat Mater).
Lastly, he earned the Prize for EXPO 2000 in Hannover from the Romanian Development Agency (2000), the Prize of the Galliard Ensemble International Composers Competition in London (2000), the Neuköllner Opernpreis in Berlin (2002), and the Prometheus-Opera Prima, a Romanian cultural award (2002).
He has earned scholarships from the Alfred-Töpfer-Stiftung (1990, Hamburg), the Alban-Berg-Stiftung (1991, Vienna), fellowships from New Europe College (1997-98, Bucharest), the Wissenschaftskolleg (1998, Berlin), the Zuger Kulturstiftung Landis und Gyr (2002, Berlin) and the one year residency of Villa Concordia Bamberg (2005-6). In 2000, his music was heard at the ISCM World Music Days in Luxembourg.
In addition to his work as a composer, he served as artistic director of the International Week of New Music Festival in Bucharest in 1999, 2001, 2007, 2008.
He was a guest lecturer at Queen´s University of Belfast in 1994. Since 1999, he has been an associate professor of composition at the National University of Music in Bucharest and since 2000, has led its composition department. In the present he is the rector of the National University of Music, Bucharest.
Éditions Lucian Badian (Ottawa), Editura Muzicala (Bucharest) and Peer Music publish his works.

Official website here.

MUSIC on Internet: Grana (I), Grana (II)Apfelwurmer, Dragon (from A Mythological Bestiary), Hippogriffin (from A Mythological Bestiary)

 

Liviu Dănceanu

Liviu Danceanu was born in 1954 in Roman, Romania, Graduate of National University of Music in Bucharest (1980), chair composition, under Stefan Niculescu. Further studies at the above mentioned University (1980-1981). He attended the courses of the International Seminar on composition in Kasimiersz-Dolni (1984), where he studied with Iannis Xenakis. He made documentation journeys to Paris, London, Prague, Tallin, Warsaw, Moscow. Founder and artistic director of ARCHEUS Ensemble, with which he has participated in important international musical reunions. He conducted more than 500 concerts in Romania, Moldavia, Italy, Spain, Germany, England, Ireland, Portugal, Russia, Slovakia, U.S.A, Korea, Finland, France, Austria, Hungary, Ukraine, Albania, Switzerland, Denmark, Belgium, Bulgaria, Serbia. Artistic Director of the Contemporary Music Days in Bacau (since 1992), and The New Music Week in Bucharest (1992-1996 and 2001-2002). President of ISCM Romanian Department (1991-1994). He teaches history of music and composition at the National University of Music in Bucharest. He gave lectures at Hochschule fur Musik in Munchen and Detmold abteilung Munster, the Experimental Music Centre of University of Music in Carbondale, Conservatoires of Dijon, Alcoi, Lyon, Centre for Contemporary Music “Pomerigi di Musica Nuova” Torino, Union of Composers in Moscow. He has made numerous Radio and Television programmes, both in Romania and abroad, and has won many awards such as the “Studium de Toulouse Prize” (1986), the ATM Prize (1987), the UCMR Prize (1988, 1990, 1994, 2000, 2004, 2006), Romanian Academy Prize ( 1988), ACIN Prize (music for film, 1988), SOROS Prize (1997) etc. His works have been recorded (LP, CD, Audio Cassettes) in Romania, France, Spain, Italy, Holland, U.S.A, Germany. He has published studies , essays, articles, musical chronicles, interviews, in various Rumanian and foreign magazines. Works have been commissioned to him by festivals, associations and performers like: Antidogma Musica (Torino), Musica Nova (Alicante), ENSEMS (Valencia), Ofician Musical (Porto), Trieste Prima, Musique en Scene (Lyon), Composers Concordance (New York), DePaul University (Chicago), Cleveland Chamber Symphony, Concorde (Dublin). Doctor in Musicology at University of Music in Bucharest.

Official website here.

MUSIC on Internet: Glass Music

Octavian Nemescu

Octavian Nemescu was born in 1940, in Pascani (Romania). He studied composition with Mihail Jora at the Conservatory of Music in Bucharest, between 1956-63. Later he participated to the International Summer Master Classes in Darmstadt (Germany). He obtained the PhD in musicology in 1978, at the Conservatory in Cluj, under the guidance of Sigismund Toduta. The title of his doctoral thesis was: “The semantic capacities of music”, later to be published as a book, at Editura Muzicala Publishing House, Bucharest, 1983.

He was assistant and next lecturer at Brasov University (School of Music) between 1970-1978. Afterward he was a teacher at the Music High School in Bucharest (1978-1990).

Following 1990 he became professor at the National University of Music in Bucharest, teaching composition and tutoring postgraduate students at PhD level.
Through many years, from his youth, he contributed decisively to the development of the avant-garde in Romanian music. He is representing the second and last generation of its kind (the generation of the 70′s), which launched a new avant-garde, who has as main goal not the negation of the tradition (as previous generation did) but the recovery of the origins, of the PRIMORDIALITY existent at the fundament of all musical traditions, in the spirit of a innovative recovery and with the desire of coming to a new artistic universality. This generation may be considered also as the first one to have an aspiration of postmodern character.

Octavian Nemescu and his colleagues launched the spectral current in Romanian music (Illuminations for orchestra, 1967), with an orientation towards the usage of the “ison” (drone). This current was animated by Corneliu Cezar, since 1965. Another current launched by Nemescu and his colleagues was the archetypal one (Concentric, 1969), based on the aesthetics of essentialisation. Alongside Corneliu Dan Georgescu, Nemescu studied, theorized and used the archetypal ideas applied to music.

MUSIC on internet: Cercles Combinations (I), Cercles Combinations (II)Secula-seculorum

Aurel Stroe

Aurel Stroe (b. 1932,Bucharest – d. 2008,Mannheim) studied at the National University of Music in Bucharest with, among others, Mihail Andricu, Marţian Negrea, Theodor Rogalski. He attended the Darmstadt courses (1966-69) and, at the invitation of the Government of the USA, visited several American universities (1968) in order to learn more about computer assisted music. He was resident composer in West Berlin (DAAD) between 1972-1973. He taught orchestration and composition at the Bucharest University, as well as several others (the Unversity of Illinois in Urbana-Champaign, Strasbourg) and at summer courses such as Darmstadt (1986-92) or Buşteni. Since 1986 he had lived in Mannheim. Aurel Stroe’s main interest was morphogenetic music and he developed compositions with several tuning systems regarded as incommensurable cultural paradigms.

 

He has lectured, and published essays in scientific papers in Romania and abroad (France, Austria, Germany), radio and television.

He published studies, essays, articles, interviews: Music, Twentieth Century, Contemporary, Literary Romania, Tribune (Cluj), Music News, etc.

MUSIC: Clarinet Concerto

 

Ştefan Niculescu

Ştefan Niculescu (July 31, 1927 – January 22, 2008) was born in Moreni, Dâmbovita. He was credited with introducing his own brand of heterophony, a technique based on superimposing melodic material onto variations of itself in order to create textures that are propelled by thematic energy as well as by the more common textural factors of density and levels of activity. This creative approach bears similarities with György Ligeti’s micropolyphony, but important aesthetic and stylistic differences set them apart.
Niculescu’s work as a teacher made him a mentor to a whole generation of younger Romanian composers, among them Dan Dediu.
Niculescu’s work Ison II for wind and percussion permutates simultaneous segments of a diatonic melody producing a reverberating complexity of sound which is held together by a strong sense of modal clarity. Opus Dacicum for orchestra applies similar textural explorations but with a stronger sense of harmonic movement, often with a Wagnerian lushness that lends this music a sensuous appeal a world apart from Ligeti’s cluster-oriented sonorities.
Among his honors are many awards from the Romanian Academy and the The Society of Romanian Composers. He also received awards from the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Paris (1972), the International Record Critics Award (1985), and the Herder Prize in Vienna (1994).
In the 1970s he contributed to the popularization of modern music by organizing public listenings in Bucharest together with Şerban Stănciulescu.

MUSIC on internet: Deisis (I), Deisis (II)Psalmus

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